Clapper Rail (Rallus crepitans)  Photographed at  Cayo Guillermo, Cuba  on Nov. 17, 2018. Virginia Rail (Rallus limicola)  It was foraging in an icy stream at Quaker Pond in Mendon Ponds Park, Monroe County, NY on Feb 3, 2014.  This is well to the north and west of the usual winter range for the species.  However, they have been reported at this location in winter since the 1970s, probably because there is open water even in the coldest weather due to heat from decomposing vegetation.  Flecks of frost can be seen on the plumage. Purple Gallinule (Porphyrio martinicus) Juvenile  Photographed at El Patate Reservoir, Cuba Nov. 11, 2018.
Common Gallinule	(Gallinula galeata)  Photographed at Payne Creek Wetlands, Sacramento River Bend Area near the town of Red Bluff in northern California on May 29, 2009.  It was partially screened by cattails, which is why I was able to get close.  It had young chicks nearby. Common Gallinule (Gallinula galeata)  Photographed at El Patate Reservoir, Cuba on Nov. 11, 2018. Common Gallinule (Gallinula galeata) Juvenile  Photographed at Las Terrazas, Cuba on Nov. 12, 2018.
American Coot	(Fulica americana)  Photographed on a gray and foggy day in Cape May, NJ on May 2, 2012. American Coot	(Fulica americana) Pair  They were resting on an ice floe at Irondequoit Bay near Rochester, NY on Feb 12, 2007. American Coot	(Fulica americana) Juvenile Feeding  Photographed at Montezuma National Wildlife Refuge in western New York State on Aug. 27, 2017.